The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India

Top 21 Verities of Mango in India: Different Types of Mango

Different Types of Mango

Discover the rich diversity of mango varieties in India, with each region boasting its unique cultivars. From the famous Alphonso in Maharashtra to the flavorful BeneShan in the South, India's mango landscape offers a tantalizing mosaic of flavors, aromas, and textures.

Explore the top 21 mango verities that define India's rich agro-climatic regions, from the iconic Alphonso in Maharashtra to the succulent BeneShan in the South. Each mango verities has a unique taste, aroma, & texture. Dive into the mango mosaic!

 

 

Varieties of mango in India

 

Different agro-climatic zones of India are dominated by traditional mangoes. India resembles a mosaic in terms of mango diversity, as only a few regions are exhibiting their region's mango variations to the world. Let's examine the mango treasures of the region.

 

Region Varieties:

 

  • Northern India: Bombay Green, Langra, Dashehari, & Samar Behest Chausa
  • Eastern India: Fazli, Kishenbhog, Himsagar, Langra, Gulabkhas, Zardalu
  • Western India: Alphonso, Pairi, Malkurad, Kesar, Rajapuri, Jamadar
  • Southern India: Beneshan (Banganpalli), Neelum, Bangalora, Rumani, Suvarnarekha, Mulgoa, Raspuri, Badami

 

Polyembryonic Varieties:

 

  • Bappakai, Bellary, Chandrakaran, Goa, Kurukkan, Mylepaliumt, Olour, Nileswar Dwarf, & Salem

 

Colored Varieties:

 

  • Gulabkhas Red ('Sinduriya'), Surekha Calcutta, Zafran, Husnara, Janardhan Pasand, Suvarnarekha, Lal Mulgoa, Vanraj, Sensation (from Florida, USA)

Unusual Varieties:

  • Chitla Afaq, Croton, Baramasi (Dofasla), Kacha Mitha

 

New Mango Hybrids as Potential Varieties:

 

  • Mallika (Neelum x Dashehari), Amrapali (Dashehari x Neelum), Ratna (Neelum x Alphonso), & others in ongoing hybridization programs.

 

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The Ultimate Guide to Different Types of Mango Verities

 

Mango diversity in India reflects its geography & culture. There are thousands of mango types in India. Learn about the top 21 varieties of mango in India. Each variety of 21 mangoes has its own unique characteristics & adds a burst of flavor to Indian food.

 

  1. Chausa Mango
  2. Dasheri Mango
  3. Alphonso Mango
  4. Bombay Green Mango
  5. Neelum Mango
  6. Amrapali Mango
  7. Jamadar Mango
  8. Kesar Mango
  9. Langra Mango
  10. Fazli Mango
  11. Zardalu Mango
  12. Malkurad Mango
  13. Rumani Mango
  14. BeneShan Mango
  15. Safeda Mango
  16. Samar Behest Chausa Mango
  17. Pairi Mango
  18. Kishenbhog Mango
  19. Mallika Mango
  20. Banganpalli Mango
  21. Rajapuri Mango

 

1. Chausa Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Chausa Mango

 

Chausa Mango plants are native to Bihar & produce big fruits that taste sweet & juicy. They have an oblong shape & a strong smell, & they are often eaten fresh or used in treats.

 

 

2. Dasheri Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Dasheri Mango

 

Dasheri Mango plants, which grow in Dasheri, Uttar Pradesh, make long, thin fruits that taste very sweet & fragrant. These plants do well in subtropical temperatures & are often used to make desserts & other treats with mango.

 

 

3. Alphonso Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Alphonso Mango

 

Alphonso Mango plants are native to Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, & do best in warm climates. They produce small to medium-sized fruits with a golden-yellow skin & sweet, non-fiberous flesh that are great for desserts & juices. During the flowering season, alphonso mango plants need well-drained soil & protection from strong winds.

 

 

4. Bombay Green Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Bombay Green Mango

 

Bombay Green Mango plants do well in northern India & produce medium-sized fruits that taste sweet & sour. The fruits have pale green skins & are popular for picking early & eating instantly.

 

 

5. Neelum Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Neelum Mango

 

Neelum Mango plants grow in south India & make medium-sized fruits that taste sweet & have a red blush on the skin. These plants do well in tropical conditions & the fruits are best when eaten fresh. 

 

 

6. Amrapali Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Amrapali Mango

 

Amrapali Mango plants are a hybrid of dasheri & neelum. They are dwarf types with small fruits. These plants do well in high-density orchards & produce sweet, pleasant mangoes that are great for eating instantly.

 

 

7. Jamadar Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Jamadar Mango

 

Jamadar Mango trees grow in Gujarat & make medium-sized fruits that taste both sweet & sour. These mangoes are very useful & are often eaten fresh or juiced.

 

 

8. Kesar Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Kesar Mango

 

Kesar Mango trees are native to Gujarat & have medium-sized fruits with a golden-yellow skin & a saffron scent. These plants do best in semi-arid areas with soil that drains well. Kesar mangoes are sweet & sour, so they can be used in desserts & ice cream.

 

 

9. Langra Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Langra Mango

 

Langra Mango plants are native to Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, & produce big, greenish-yellow fruits that taste sweet & sour. Because they are long, langra mango plants need to be pruned regularly to get the most fruit, which is then eaten fresh or made into pickles.

 

 

10. Fazli Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Fazli Mango

 

The Fazli Mango plant is common in eastern India. It produces large fruits with a strong odor. These mangoes, which are commonly used in desserts & pickles, have their own distinct flavor & require a tropical climate.

 

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11. Zardalu Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Zardalu Mango

 

Zardalu Mango plants are well-known in eastern India. They grow medium- to large-sized yellow fruits that are noted for their sweet flavor & are often used in a variety of culinary applications.

 

 

12. Malkurad Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Malkurad Mango

 

Malkurad Mango trees are from Goa & produce medium-sized fruits that taste sweet & sour. These fruits are often used in desserts & juices & do best in tropical conditions with soil that drains well.

 

 

13. Rumani Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Rumani Mango

 

Rumani Mango plants are native to southern India & produce medium-sized fruits with a unique taste. These mangoes are valued for their regular production & can be used in a variety of cooking methods.

 

 

14. BeneShan Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Beneshan Mango

 

BeneShan (banganpalli) Mango plants are grown in southern India. They produce big, sweet fruits that don't have any fiber. People like to eat them fresh, but they're also great for making drinks & desserts.

 

 

15. Safeda Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Safeda Mango

 

The Safeda (himsagar) Mango tree is native to West Bengal. Their fruits are medium to large, with a moderate & sweet flavor. They can be eaten fresh or juiced, but they require well-drained soil & frost protection.

 

 

16. Samar Behest Chausa Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Samar Bahest Chausa Mango

 

Samar Behest Chausa Mango plants are from northern India & are recognized for their delicious late-season mangoes. The large, juicy mangos are best eaten fresh & have a distinct flavor that many enjoy.

 

 

17. Pairi Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Pairi Mango

 

Pairi Mango plants are common in western India. Their fruits are medium-sized, juicy, & sweet in a balanced way. These mangoes are best eaten fresh & are known for having a nice smell.

 

 

18. Kishenbhog Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Kishenbhog Mango

 

The Kishenbhog Mango plant is native to eastern India & produces medium-sized fruits that are sweet & aromatic. These mangoes grow well in tropical climates with well-drained soil.

 

 

19. Mallika Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Mallika Mango

 

The Mallika Mango plant is a hybrid between the Neelum & Dasheri types. It produces medium-sized fruits that are tasty but not overly sweet. The outer layer is silky, & the fruit contains little fiber, making it suitable for both fresh eating & desserts.

 

 

20. Banganpalli Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Banganpalli Mango

 

The Banganpalli Mango plant is native to Andhra Pradesh & yields large mangoes with little fiber. These plants perform best in tropical climates & require well-drained soil. The sweet banganpalli mangoes are ideal for eating fresh or making juice.

 

 

21. Rajapuri Mango:

The Top 21 Verities of Mango in India - Rajapuri Mango

 

The Rajapuri Mango plant is famous in western India. It grows big fruits that taste sweet. Rajapuri mangoes have a unique smell & can be eaten fresh or used in a variety of ways in cooking. 

 

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Conclusion

 

India's climate & geography are ideal for growing Indian mangoes. In India, around 1000 mango types are planted. However, not all are commercially cultivated. Only a handful of types are commercially farmed, but they're delicious & nutritious. The top 21 commercial mango types in India are listed above with their unique characteristics.

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